Meteorological instruments, such as home weather stations or professional portable weather instruments, are useful tools for monitoring your environment. They can provide information that local meteorologists (meteorologists) cannot provide. In addition to portable devices used year-round for professional, sports, and research applications, home weather stations tend to be most popular during the fall and winter months, when the weather is most active. Let’s face it, weather reports during the summer can be boring. However, there are few issues with weather stations that will affect their winter performance, and these issues become more apparent the further north in the United States and northern Canada.
What’s the problem?
- The colder the weather, the worse their performance.
- Most automotive batteries (rich liquid lead acid and deep cycle) will provide specifications about performance degradation with temperature changes. Unfortunately, I have not seen such information from the manufacturer for NiMh rechargeable AA batteries or other types. So I guess I’ll write this quick article to give you some numbers to remember…
Alkaline batteries…think freezing denk
You can expect these remote weather station sensors to power from around 30 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius). Below this temperature, the chemistry starts to have problems, and unless your battery is fairly new, the low batteries may not work at all (although they may work again indoors after a bit of warming up, so you don’t have to put them on). Throw it away!)
NiMh rechargeable battery…below freezing
These batteries can be below freezing, about as low as 15F (-10C). Although they will work, they will lose some capacity, so it is desirable to charge them more often than usual to keep them working.
The best choice for lithium AA
These are relatively new lithium AA camera batteries from Energizer and other companies. Lithium is the most reliable chemical in cold weather, with temperatures as low as -20F (-30C). Please note that these batteries are not as rechargeable as other lithium batteries and should not be placed in NiMh AA chargers.
For portable weather instruments and home weather stations with remote sensors with LCD screens, you will find that even if you use lithium batteries, the screen will still be blank when it is below zero. This is because the LCD screen cannot work in freezing temperatures. But do not worry. Bring the meter to you until you have to take it out to measure, or you just believe the device is recording data even if you can’t see the display. The home weather station displays the data from the remote sensor on the indoor screen so you know if there is a problem.
That roughly covers it. Don’t be frustrated with the weather station’s performance before trying to use a set of lithium batteries. Especially if you come in before November with cold weather!
How to Choose the Right Home Weather Station
A weather station for your home can bring you years of pleasure, but it can also do more. It can teach you a lot about the local climate and how the weather works. You can get information like what happens when a cold front comes in or what happens before a storm. The lessons you learn can help you plan outdoor activities, such as gardening or recreation, or they can help you plan outdoor activities.
With just a few simple instructions you can build your own weather station. You will need to buy a thermometer, barometer, hygrometer, anemometer, rain gauge, and some sort of housing to secure the instrument. Once you have these items, you need to start assembling the weather station.
You have to decide whether you want a fully digital radio station or if you prefer to buy everything separately. While it is certainly an advantage to buy each unit individually, it will provide you with the most accurate measurements. When choosing a thermometer, you need to find a thermometer with a memory that records the lowest and highest temperature readings. This allows you to keep track of the daily highs and lows. You will also need a thermometer that will allow you to position the sensor away from the house or other structure as this will give you the most accurate reading.
When buying a barometer, make sure that it contains a movable rod. Allows you to set the bar to the current atmospheric pressure. You can track when the pressure rises, falls or remains stable. This is absolutely necessary if you want to predict future weather conditions.
A hygrometer is an instrument to measure the humidity. This is important because it can determine how the temperature feels. High humidity can make the air feel higher than its actual temperature, while low humidity can help you breathe better. This is an important read for anyone with respiratory problems.
An anemometer measures wind and wind speed. You can also measure wind speed and wind direction. In general, digital readouts are best suited for this type of readout.
The rain gauge is obvious, it measures rainfall. You will find different styles, which can also be adapted to different types of moisture (such as snowfall).
The last step of the home weather station is to purchase a case that can hold the instrument. You must ensure that the case protects your instrument from high winds, hail, rain and other factors. If there isn’t a weather shop near you, you can build your own house. Once your home is ready, you can get ready to assemble your home weather station and start enjoying the benefits of always being aware of the weather on the go.